Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism is a developmental disability that causes problems with social skills and communication. Autism can be mild or severe. It is different for every person. Autism is also known as autism spectrum disorders.
What are the symptoms of autistic spectrum disorders?
Symptoms usually become apparent in the first three years of life. Half of parents become concerned in the first 12 months. Some children with Asperger's syndrome are only diagnosed after they have started school.
The symptoms of ASD vary between people. Some have minimal symptoms whereas others may have severe difficulties. People with ASD have varying levels of intelligence. A few have very high IQs, but a low IQ is found in about 5 out of 10 people with ASD.
There are four different groups of symptoms, all of which usually occur in children with ASD.
There are different types of problems and not all will occur in each case. These can generally be described as 'not being able to get on with people'. So the child may:
- Seem to be aloof.
- Have little or no interest in other people which can result in having no real friends.
- Not understand other people's emotions. For example, not understanding why anyone has been cross with them.
- Prefer being alone.
Sometimes a child may seem to lose social skills that they once had. This may be skills such as waving goodbye. This is found in about 1 out of 4 cases.
Problems with language and communication
Speech usually develops later than usual. When it does, the may not develop well. The sort of problems that children with ASD may have include one or more of the following:
- Not being able to express themselves well.
- Not being able to understand gestures, facial expressions, or tone of voice.
- Saying odd things. For example, repeating your words back to you, time and time again.
- Using odd phrases and odd choices of words.
- Sometimes using many words when one would do.
- Making up their own words.
- Not using their hands to make gestures as they speak.
- Not being able to understand difficult orders.
Again, sometimes a child may seem to lose skills that they once had. This is found in about 1 out of 4 cases.
Pretend play is usually limited in children with ASD. They tend to do the games and activities that they learn over and over again. Games may remain exactly the same every day. Games are usually those that a younger child would play.
These are typical and include one or more of the following:
- Odd mannerisms such as hand-flapping or other odd pointless movements.
- Anger or aggression if routines are changed. Children with ASD may hurt themselves when they are angry by banging their head or hitting their face. Sometimes they do this to get attention.
- Actions may be repeated over and over again (like rocking backwards and forwards).
- Obsessions may develop in older children and adolescents. For example, they may have interests in unusual things like train timetables and lists.
Parents often find these problems very confusing and may become frustrated.
Early Symptoms of Autism:
· Your baby often avoids or has limited eye contact (gaze aversion). They may prefer to watch people out of the corner of their eyes or watch them in a mirror, rather than directly.
· Your baby does not follow your gaze. For example, when you look at your watch, a baby copy you and look at your watch as well. Alternatively, your baby does not look at objects that have been pointed out to them.
· Your baby has no happy expression when they look at you.
· Your baby does not "babble" (respond in a "back-and-forth" manner when you talk to them).
· Your baby does not seem to recognize or respond to your voice, yet is aware of other sounds, such as a bell ringing or a dog barking.
· Your baby shows little interest in drawing your attention to things by pointing to them or pulling your hand towards them.
· Your baby rarely or never makes gestures such as pointing or waving.
The exact number of children with autism is not known. A report released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggests that autism and related disorders are more common than previously thought. It is unclear whether this is due to an increasing rate of the illness or an increased ability to diagnose the illness.
Autism affects boys more often than girls. Family income, education, and lifestyle do not seem to affect the risk of autism. Some doctors believe the increased incidence in autism is due to newer definitions of autism. The term "autism" now includes a wider spectrum of children. For example, a child who is diagnosed with high-functioning autism today may have been thought to simply be odd or strange 30 years ago.
So the story goes long about Autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS).
Acupuncture and Autism Spectrum Disorder:
Proper diagnosis of ones pulse may show the route of cure from any disease. Autism is not excluded in that concept. In classical acupuncture view, every disease is backed by a lack of energy in the internal organs. So the strong and trustful approach from acupuncture may be a perfect choice to deal with sensitive problems like ASD.