The Panchamaha Buthas - A brief Look
The panchamahabhuta are the five elements of nature. According to Hindu mythology, every human body essentially are made from five elements which are Earth (bhumi), Water (jala), Fire (agni), Air (Vayu) and Space (aakash). Hindus believe that, upon death; all these 5 elements of human body are dissolved to respective element of nature, so that it can balance the cycle of nature.
Each of these five elements has its own functions and characteristic described below:
The first element of panchamahabhuta is “Earth” which is translated at Bhumi in Sanskrit. This element is perceived by five senses that are Hearing, Smell, Taste, Touch and Sight. The physical body with muscles and bones refers to Earth.
The second most important element is “water”, jala in Sanskrit. This element has no odor (smell) but can be heard, felt, seen and tasted. In human body, blood and other fluid are refer to Water.
The next higher element in human body is “fire”, agni in Sanskrit. In human body the temperature, jatharagni are refers the fire. It can be heard, felt and seen.
The fourth element of panchmahabhuta is “air”, pavan in Sanskrit. Air can be felt and heard only; one cannot see the air. In human body, the oxygen and carbon dioxide in the body refers to Air. It is considered as one of the most important factor in Pranayama.
The fifth and last element of panchmahabhuta is “space” which is translated in Sanskrit at aakash. Space is the medium of sound but is inaccessible to all other senses. And as in human body the Athma (Soul) refers to Space.
The combination of these 5 elements makes our body and will dissolve into respective element upon death.
In Indian Classical Acupuncture the five element theory is the major principle of the whole system. The treatment works on to balance one's five elements in the body, so that one can get cure whatever the problem they suffered.